Defining VOIs for Seeding and Imposing Restrictions

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Defining VOIs for Seeding and Imposing Restrictions

When arriving at the VOIs sub-page a fusion image is shown to the left which is composed of the Tensor image and the FA (Fractional Anisotropy) map. Note the two panels A and B in the upper right which correspond to these images, and the slider for mixing the respective contributions in the fusion image.


In the lower right, the A and B images can be redefined. The mean diffusivity (MD), the DTI tensor as well as a masked version of the FA image are available for selection.


VOI Definition

In PGEM, tractography is based on VOIs which can play different roles:

SEED VOIs: Tractography is started from the pixels in seed VOIs, following the local vector directions.

END VOIs: Only tracks ending in this VOI will be used. To avoid excessive pruning of tracks, an END VOI should have sufficient volume.

WAY VOIs: Only tracks passing through the WAY VOI will be used.

EXCLUDE VOIs: Tracks passing through an EXCLUDE VOI will be removed.

NEUTRAL VOIs: Such VOIs have no impact on tractography. Setting VOIs to NEUTRAL allows assessing the effect of END, WAY and EXCLUDE VOIs without the need of removing them.

TARGET: Is representing a VOI the track should end with.

VOIs can be created with the usual PMOD VOI tools. When creating a new VOI, a dialog window pops up which requires defining the appropriate Tracking property. Later on, this property can be changed using the VOI properties functionality as illustrated below.  


In the following sections two VOIs will be used: a SEED VOI in the left corpus callosum created using the paint tool, and an elliptic VOI which will be used as a WAY VOI. The illustration below shows the VOIs on top of the FA image.


After the VOIs have been defined, please proceed with the Tracking button in the lower right.


Note the check box Vorticity&Helicity. If it is checked, PGEM calculates parametric maps called Vorticity Amplitude and Absolute Helicity, respectively. Vorticity is a measure of rotation, whereas helicity relates to the knottedness in fluids.

Tensor Inspection

The loaded tensor data can be inspected with the QC button. It shows a window with the projection of the principal diffusion direction vectors together with a color-coded direction image. Red indicates diffusion along the x-axis (left-right), green diffusion along the y-axis (posterior-anterior), and blue diffusion along the z-axis (inferior-superior).